Margherita, the queen of pizzas. A symbol of Naples all over the world, but also of Italy, that has crossed all the borders is pizza. Margherita, “queen of pizzas”, was presented to the queen of Italy upon her visit to Naples in 1889 specifically on account of the colour of its seasoning (tomato, mozzarella and basil) which are reminiscence of the colours of the Italian flag. Pizza was really popular among poor people and aristocrats, including the Bourbons. A great number of historical documents attest to the Neapolitan origin of this culinary speciality.
The first appearance of the “Pizza napoletana” may be dated back to the period between 1715 and 1725, when there is evidence of the birth of a kind of pizza with mozzarella and tomato. Over time pizza and “pizzeria” linked their existence to Naples; only later they appeared in Italy. They started to appear abroad after second world war becoming a global phenomenon.
Nowadays you can choose among many varieties and different pizzas. But this is the one and only Neapolitan recipe.
Pizza Margherita ingredients STG:
- 70 g of San Marzano peeled tomatoes
- 80 g mozzarella or fior di latte STG
- 5 g extra virgin olive oil
- Fresh basil.
Pizza must be baked exclusively in a wood fire oven with a baking temperature between 430* and 470* C.
STG: specialità tradizionale garantita (traditional specialità guaranteed). The words, better known with the acronym STG, is a community trade mark by European Union that guarantees the productions.